Androsace L.

Androsace is a genus with ca. 100-155 species in northern temperate areas of the world (Mabberley 2008). Its generic limits are quite uncertain. Segregate genera like Douglasia Lindl., Gregoria Duby and Vitaliana Sesler are probably best united with it (Schneeweiss & al. 2004). The genus is by far best represented in China where more than 70 species occur (Hu & Kelso 1996). One relatively widespread species, Androsace maxima L., is native in areas relatively close to the Belgian frontiers (northeastern France; Lambinon & Verloove 2012) and has been recorded as an ephemeral alien in Belgium. About 50 additional species are cultivated as ornamentals, especially for the rock garden. Very useful accounts for the genus in cultivation are provided by McKean (1997), Smith & Lowe (1997) and Jäger & al. (2008).


Handel-Mazzetti H. (1925-1927) A revision of the Chinese species of Androsace. Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 15: 259-298.

Hu X. & Kelso S. (1996) Androsace. In: Wu Z.Y. & Raven P.H. (eds.), Flora of China, vol. 15: 80-99. Science Press, Beijing, and Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis. Available online at:]

Jäger E.J., Ebel F., Hanelt P. & Müller G. (eds.) (2008) Rothmaler Band 5. Exkursionsflora von Deutschland. Krautige Zier- und Nutzpflanzen. Springer Verlag, Berlin: 880 p.

Lambinon J. & Verloove F. (avec coll. Delvosalle L., Toussaint B., Geerinck D., Hoste I., Van Rossum F., Cornier B., Schumacker R., Vanderpoorten A. & Vannerom H.) (2012) Nouvelle Flore de la Belgique, du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, du Nord de la France et des Régions voisines (Ptéridophytes et Spermatophytes). Sixième édition. Jardin botanique national de Belgique, Meise: CXXXIX + 1195 p.

Mabberley D.J. (2008) Mabberley’s plant-book (3th ed.). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge: XVIII + 1021 p.

McKean D.R. (1997) Androsace. In: Cullen J. & al. (eds.), The European Garden Flora, vol. 5. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge: 535-541.

Pax F. & Knuth R. (1905) Androsace. In: Engler A. (ed.), Das Pflanzenreich 22: 172-220. [available online at:]

Schneeweiss G.M., Schönswetter P., Kelso S. & Niklfeld H. (2004) Complex biogeographic patterns in Androsace (Primulaceae) and related genera: evidence from phylogenetic analyses of nuclear internal transcribed spacer and plastid trnL-F sequences. Systematic Biology 53(6): 856-876. [available online at:]

Smith G. & Lowe D.B. (1997) The genus Androsace: a monograph for gardeners and botanists. Pershore, Worcestershire: Alpine Garden Society Publications: 208 p.

Wang Y.J., Li X.J., Hao G. & Liu J.Q. (2004) Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of Androsace (Primulaceae) and the convergent evolution of cushion morphology (in Chinese). Acta Phytotax. Sin. 42: 481-499.

Taxonomic name: 
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith