Astrantia L.

Astrantia is a genus of nine or ten species, native to Central - and southern Europe and West Asia. Several are cultivated as ornamentals in Europe (Richardson 1997) but probably only one is more or less widespread in cultivation (A. major).

The two sections usually distinguished within Astrantia (sections Astrantia and Astrantiella) are both monophyletic (Calviño & Downie 2007).


Calviño C.I. & Downie S.R. (2007) Circumscription and phylogeny of Apiaceae subfamily Saniculoideae based on chloroplast DNA sequences. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 44(1): 175-191. [available online at:]

Froebe H.A. (1971) Wuchsform und Infloreszenzgestaltung in den Gattungen Sanicula, Hacquetia und Astrantia (Umbelliferae). Bot. Jahrb. 91(1): 1-38.

Grintzesco J. (1910) Monographie du genre Astrantia. Ann. Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 13-14: 66-194.

Hiller K. (1971) Chemosystematics of the Saniculoideae. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 64 Suppl. 1. 369-384.

Kaya A. (2003) The genus Astrantia L. in Turkey: morphology and anatomy. Acta. Bot. Croat. 62(2): 89-102. [available online at:]

Mariotti M.G. (1989) Notes on some Italian species of Astrantia L. (Umbelliferae). Webbia 43(1): 1-17.

Richardson J.E. (1997) Astrantia. In: Cullen J. & al. (eds.), The European Garden Flora, vol. 5. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge: 395-396.

Samigullin T.K., Valiejo-Roman C.M., Terentieva E.I. & Pimenov M.G. (2002) Relationships among genera in Saniculoideae and selected Apioideae (Umbelliferae) inferred from nrITS sequences. Taxon 51(1): 91-101. [available online at:]

Wörz A. (1999) Systematics and evolution of the genus Astrantia L. (Apiaceae-Saniculoideae). Bot. Jahrb. 121(4): 507-536.

Wörz A. (1999) Distribution patterns in the genus Astrantia (Apiaceae, Saniculoideae). Acta Bot. Fenn. 162: 141-143.

Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith