The Cannaceae family is originally native to tropical and subtropical areas in the Americas. All species from Africa as well as from Asia have been derived from plants, rhizomes or seeds that have been imported from the Neotropics (Maas-van de Kamer & Maas 2008, Prince 2010). The family is most closely related to Marantaceae and these are members of the order Zingiberales. The family only counts a single genus, Canna.


Kränzlin F. (1912) Cannaceae. In: Engler H.G.A. (ed.), Das Pflanzenreich 56: 1-77. [available online at:]

Kress W.J. (1990) The phylogeny and classification of the Zingiberales. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 77: 698-721. [available online at:]

Kress W.J. & Prince L.M. (2000) Cannaceae. In: Flora of North America Editorial Committee (eds.), Flora of North America, vol. 22. Oxford University Press, New York-Oxford: 310-314. [available online at:]

Maas-van de Kamer H. & Maas P.J.M. (2008) The Cannaceae of the world. Blumea 53: 247-318. [available online at:]

Prince L.M. (2010) Phylogenetic Relationships and Species Delimitation in Canna (Cannaceae). In Seberg & al., Diversity, phylogeny and evolution in the monocotyledons. Aarhus University Press, Denmark: 307-331. [available online at:]

Tanaka N. (2001) Taxonomic revision of the family Cannaceae in the New World and Asia. Makinoa N.S. 1: 1-74.

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Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith