Chlorophytum Ker Gawler

Chlorophytum counts ca. 150 species in the Old World tropics (Mabberley 2008). A single species, C. comosum (Thunb.) Jacques, is widely cultivated as an ornamental although in western Europe it is not hardy and only survives indoors. It has been recorded as an escape or throw-out in Belgium.

Contrary to for instance Knees (1986) not a single species of Chlorophytum is native in the New World.


Kativu S. (1994) Synopsis of Chlorophytum (Anthericaceae) in the Flora Zambesiaca area. Kirkia 15(1): 43-111.

Mabberley D.J. (2008) Mabberley’s plant-book (3th ed.). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge: XVIII + 1021 p.

Marais W. & Reilly J. (1978) Chlorophytum and its related genera (Liliaceae). Kew Bull. 32(3): 653-663.

Meerts P. (2015) Flore d'Afrique Centrale: Spermatophytes, Anthericaceae. National Botanic Garden of Belgium, Meise: 119 p.

Meerts P. & Bjorå C.S. (2012) Synopsis of the genus Chlorophytum (Asparagaceae) in Central Africa (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Burundi). Plant ecology and evolution 145: 373-409. [available online at:]  

Mukherjee N. (1975) Phytogeography and phylogeny of Chlorophytum Ker-Gawl. (Liliaceae). Bull. Bot. Soc. Bengal 29(1): 75-82.

Nordal I., Kativu S. & Poulsen A.D. (1997) Flora of Tropical East Africa: Anthericaceae. Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema: 67 p.

Nordal I. & Thulin M. (1993) Synopsis of Anthericum and Chlorophytum (Anthericaceae) in the Horn of Africa, including the description of nine new species. Nordic J. Bot. 13(3): 257-280.

Obermeyer A.A. (1962) A Revision of the South African Species of Anthericum,

Chlorophytum and Trachyandra. Bothalia 7(4): 669-767. [available online at:]

Poulsen A.D. & Nordal I. (2005) A phenetic analysis and revision of Guineo-Congolean rain forest taxa of Chlorophytum (Anthericaceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 148: 1-20.

Tamura M.N. (1989) Studies on the genus Chlorophytum (Liliaceae) of Phu Kradung in Thailand. Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 40(1-4): 1-5.

Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith