Dianthus caryophyllus L. (Medit.) – A very rare escape from or relic of cultivation, sometimes temporarily persisting locally. Recorded on waste land in 1972 in Dilbeek (as Dianthus superbus). Sown on a river bank (old branch of river Leie) in Wervik around 2001 and still present in 2005 (but possibly gone by now).
Dianthus caryophyllus and its cultivars are among the most popular species of the genus in cultivation (Carnations).
De Langen F.R., Oost E.H. & Jarvis C.E. (1984) Lectotypification of Dianthus caryophyllus L. and D. chinensis L. (Caryophyllaceae). Taxon 33: 716-724.