Glyceria canadensis

1. Glyceria canadensis (Michaux) Trin. (N-Am.) – A very rare but locally naturalised alien. At first discovered in 1995 in Waimes near Malmédy (Hautes Ardennes) in marshy woodland (Duvigneaud & al. 1996, Saintenoy-Simon 1997). Subsequently also found in a similar habitat in the nature reserve Steenbeemden in Kessel (valley of the Grote Nete near Nijlen) in 1999 (De Beer 2002). In both localities Glyceria canadensis is locally very common and, despite its recent discovery, believed to have been present since several decades already. As a matter of fact, military activities during World War II might have been responsible for the (accidental) introduction in Waimes as well as in Kessel.

The similar but in all respects more delicate Glyceria striata should be looked for (see introduction).

Glyceria canadensis is known since long from parts of Scandinavia (Kurtto 1996a). It was recently also recorded for the first time in the British Isles (Mitchell 2007) and seems to increase lately.

Herbarium specimen

Glyceria canadensis, spikelet - Drawing S.Bellanger


Selected literature:

De Beer D. (2002) Een nieuwe vondst van Glyceria canadensis (Poaceae) in Kessel (Antwerpen). Dumortiera 79: 1-3.

De Beer D. (2006) Glyceria canadensis. In: Van Landuyt W., Hoste I., Vanhecke L., Van den Bremt P., Vercruysse W. & De Beer D., Atlas van de flora van Vlaanderen en het Brussels gewest. Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek, Nationale Plantentuin van België en Flo.Wer: 444.

Duvigneaud J., Saintenoy-Simon J. & Fasseaux W. (1996) Glyceria canadensis (Michx.) Trin., une Poacée observée dans le district ardennais (Belgique). Adoxa 12: 23-25.

Kurtto A. (1996a) “Kanadansorsimo” (Glyceria canadensis) Vantaalla ja Helsingissä. Lutukka 12: 123-124.

Mitchell J. (2007) Glyceria canadensis in Dumbarton (v.c. 99). BSBI News 104: 36.

Saintenoy-Simon J. (1997) Excursion dans la région de Waimes et de Bütgenbach, le 14 septembre 1996. Adoxa 17: 19-21.

Verloove F. (2002) Ingeburgerde plantensoorten in Vlaanderen. Mededeling van het Instituut voor Natuurbehoud n° 20: 227 p.

Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith