Lindernia All. (incl. Ilysanthes Rafin.)

Lindernia is a genus of ca. 160 species, mostly confined to the warm-temperate regions of the world. At least one, Lindernia dubia, is an increasing weed of damp habitats in parts of southern Europe. In its traditional circumscription it was found out to be polyphyletic; generic boundaries were recently slightly modified by Fischer & al. (2013).

  • Fertile stamens 2 (plus 2 staminodes). Flowers usually chasmogamous, with corolla distinctly exceeding calyx. Leaves with crenate-serrate margins === 1. Lindernia dubia
  • Fertile stamens 4. Flowers usually cleistogamous, with corolla not exceeding calyx. Leaf margins subentire === 2. L. procumbens


Fischer E. (1992) Systematik der Afrikanischen Linderniaea (Scrophulariaceae). Trop. Subtrop. Pflanzenwelt 81: 1-365.

Fischer E., Schäferhoff B. & Müller K. (2013) The phylogeny of Linderniaceae – The new genus Linderniella, and new combinations within Bonnaya, Craterostigma, Lindernia, Micranthemum, Torenia and Vandellia. Willdenowia 43(2): 209-238. [available online at:]

Lambinon J., Delvosalle L., Duvigneaud J. (avec coll. Geerinck D., Lebeau J., Schumacker R. & Vannerom H. (2004) Nouvelle Flore de la Belgique, du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, du Nord de la France et des Régions voisines (Ptéridophytes et Spermatophytes). Cinquième édition. Jardin botanique national de Belgique, Meise: CXXX + 1167 p.

Lewis D.Q. (2000) A revision of the New World species of Lindernia (Scrophulariaceae). Castanea 65(2): 93-122.

Taxonomic name: 
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith