Neillia D. Don

(incl. Stephanandra Sieb. et Zucc.)

Recent molecular phylogenetic research supports the inclusion of Stephanandra in Neillia (Oh 2006, Potter & al. 2007). This is furthermore confirmed by leaf morphology, inflorescence type and carpel number. In this new circumscription Neillia is an Asian genus of about 21 species. Several are cultivated as ornamentals (both from Neillia as Stephanandra) but only one, N. incisa, is a relatively common garden plant. This and a second species have been recorded as escapes from cultivation in Belgium.

1       Leaves lobed for more than 1/3 of distance margin to midrib, ca. 20-60 mm long. Upper leaf surface bristly hairy. Stipules (sub-) entire. Sepals not toothed. Stamens 10 === Neillia incisa

         Leaves weakly lobed, ca. 50-100 mm long. Upper leaf surface glabrous. Stipules toothed. Sepals with a conspicuous apical tooth. Stamens 15-20 === N. tanakae


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Cullen J. (1971) The genus Neillia (Rosaceae) in mainland Asia and in cultivation. J. Arnold Arbor. 52(1): 137-158.

Cullen J. (1995) Stephanandra. In: Cullen J. & al. (eds.), The European Garden Flora, vol. 4. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge: 331.

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Oh S.-H. (2006) Neillia includes Stephanandra (Rosaceae). Novon 16: 91-95.

Oh S.H. & Potter D. (2005) Molecular phylogenetic systematics and biogeography of tribe Neillieae (Rosaceae) using DNA sequences of cpDNA, rDNA, and LEAFY. Amer. J. Bot. 92: 179-192. [available online at:]

Potter D., Eriksson T., Evans R.C., Oh S., Smedmark J.E.E., Morgan D.R., Kerr M., Robertson K.R., Arsenault M., Dickinson T.A. & Campbell C.S. (2007) Phylogeny and classification of Rosaceae. Pl. Syst. Evol. 266: 5-43. [available online at:]

Purohit KM. & Panigrahi G. (1983) A revision of the genus Neillia (Rosaceae) in India. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 4(3): 951-957.

Roloff A. & Bärtels A. (2006) Flora der Gehölze (2e Auflage). Ulmer, Stuttgart: 844 p.

Weakley A.S. & Wright R.A.S. (2014) Neillia. In: Flora of North America Editorial Committee (eds.), Flora of North America, vol. 9. Oxford University Press, New York-Oxford: 351-352. [available online at:

Taxonomic name: 
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith