Pachysandra Michaux

Pachysandra is a genus of three species, native to eastern Asia (two species) and the eastern United States (a single species). All are cultivated as ornamentals (for ground cover) but only one, Pachysandra terminalis, is widespread in cultivation.


Boufford D.E. & Xiang Q. (1992) Pachysandra (Buxaceae) Reexamined. Botanical Bulletin, Academia Sinica 33: 201-207. [available online at:]

Dirr M.A. & Alexander J.H. (1979) The Allegheny Pachysandra. Arnoldia 39(1): 16-21.

Jiao Z. & Li J. (2009) Phylogenetics and biogeography of eastern Asian-North American disjunct genus Pachysandra (Buxaceae) inferred from nucleotide sequences. Journal of Systematics and Evolution 47(3): 191-201. [available online at:]

McKean D.R. (1997) Pachysandra. In: Cullen J. & al. (eds.), The European Garden Flora, vol. 5. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge: 181.

Robbins H.C. (1968) The genus Pachysandra (Buxaceae). Sida 3: 211-248.

Tianlu M. & Brückner P.  (2008) Pachysandra. In: Wu Z.Y. & Raven P.H. (eds.), Flora of China, vol. 11: Science Press, Beijing & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis: 331-332. [available online at:]

Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith