Crambe L.

Crambe is a genus of 35 species, native to Eurasia, the Mediterranean area, Macaronesia and mountains of tropical Africa. One species, Crambe maritima L., is a rare native species and is confined to sea shores. Some species are economically important, either as commercial oilseeds or as ornamentals (see Akeroyd 1995 and Jäger & al. 2008 for an overview of the latter).

  • Hispid annual (at least lower stem and leaves). Basal leaves lyrate-pinnatisect with a large terminal lobe and 0-2 small lateral lobes. Petals 3-4 mm long. Upper segment of silicula 3-4,5 mm long === Crambe abyssinica
  • Glabrous and glaucous perennial. Basal leaves sinuate-dentate to irregularly pinnatifid. Petals 6-10 mm long. Upper segment of silicula 7-12 mm long (native) === C. maritima


Akeroyd J.R. (1995) Crambe. In: Cullen J. & al. (eds.), The European Garden Flora, vol. 4. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge: 162.

Ball P.W. (1993) Crambe. In: Tutin T.G. & al. (eds.), Flora Europaea, vol. 1. (2nd ed.). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge: 415-416.

Jäger E.J., Ebel F., Hanelt P. & Müller G. (eds.) (2008) Rothmaler Band 5.
Exkursionsflora von Deutschland. Krautige Zier- und Nutzpflanzen. Springer Verlag, Berlin: 880 p

Khalilov I.I. (1993) Konspekt roda Crambe (Brassicaceae). Bot. Zhurn. 78: 107-115.

Prina A. (2000) A taxonomic revision of Crambe, sect. Leptocrambe (Brassicaceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 133(4): 509-524.

Prina A.O. & Martínez-Laborde J.B. (2008) A taxonomic revision of Crambe section Dendrocrambe (Brassicaceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 156(2): 291-304.

Schulz O.E. (1919) Crambe. In: Engler A. (ed.), Das Pflanzenreich 70(IV.105). Engelmann, Leipzig: 228-249.

Van der Meijden R. (2005) Heukels’ Flora van Nederland (23e druk). Wolters-Noordhoff, Groningen: 685 p.

Taxonomic name: 
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith