Ginkgo biloba

Ginkgo biloba L. (China) – Commonly planted as an ornamental tree in Belgium but only exceptionally found as an escape from cultivation or garden throw-out. Two saplings (ca. 30 cm tall) were recorded in open woodland in Neerpelt in 2011 (see also:, possibly from discarded garden waste.

Despite being cultivated since ca. 1770 in western Europe (De Koning & al. 2000) Ginkgo biloba is only exceptionally reported as an escape (no records, for instance, from the British Isles; Clement & Foster 1994). The same holds true for North America where saplings are very rarely found in the vicinity of planted trees. Seeds of ginkgo are almost certainly dispersed by birds, possibly crows (Whetstone 1993).

Ginkgo biloba, Neerpelt, open woodland, November 2011, R. Barendse


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Oliver J. (2002) Young dioecious trees, sex unknown. BSBI News 90: 28-29.

Schmid M. & Schmoll H. (eds.) (1994) Ginkgo. Ur-Baum und Arzneipflanze: Mythos, Dichtung und Kunst. Stuttgart, Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft mbH: 135p.

Whetstone R.D. (1993) Ginkgoaceae. In: Flora of North America Editorial Committee (eds.), Flora of North America, vol. 2. Oxford University Press, New York-Oxford: 350-351.

Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith