Cyperus eragrostis

Cyperus eragrostis Lam. (syn.: C. vegetus Willd.) (Am.) – A rare but much increasing alien. Formerly frequently introduced as a wool alien in the Vesdre valley, at least between 1896 and 1959 (possibly earlier, see Durand 1885). However, these were probably always ephemeral. Elsewhere very exceptional, for instance in the port of Antwerpen in 1911 and 1912 or on a coal mine heap in Bernissart in 1955. In the past decades also recorded as a grain alien or as an escape from cultivation. Perhaps sometimes introduced unintentionally by migrating birds (probably from the species’ secondary area in southwestern Europe). Obviously increasing from the 1990’s onwards in many parts of Flanders, often in nature-like habitats (pond margins, riverbanks or marshes) and locally becoming naturalised (Verloove 2006a). Sometimes behaving like a troublesome weed in gardens or plant nurseries. Recent records are also available now from Wallonia, at least from the province of Wallonia (comm. P. Dupriez 2010). Invasive behaviour of Cyperus eragrostis in Belgium cannot be excluded. It was recently recorded in or near several nature reserves, for instance in Heusden (Damvallei), Wingene (Gulke Putten), ....

Additional information on the invasive behaviour of Cyperus eragrostis in Belgium is available at:

Herbarium specimen

 Evergem, waste land, 07.2009, Filip Verloove

 Evergem, waste land, 07.2009, Filip Verloove

Cyperus eragrostis by Sven Bellanger

    Cyperus eragrostis by Sven Bellanger   

Selected literature

Dakskobler I. & Vreš B. (2009) Cyperus eragrostis Lam. – a new adventitious species in the flora of Slovenia. Hacquetia 8(1): 79-90. 

Denton M.F. (1978) The Luzulae group of Cyperus (Cyperaceae). Contr. Univ. Michigan Herb. 11: 197-271. 

Durand T. (1885) Note sur les récentes découvertes botaniques dans le bassin de la Vesdre. Bulletin de la Société Royale de Botanique de Belgique 24: 142-146.

Henrion E. (2007) Deux espèces de Cyperus découvertes simultanément. Adoxa 57: 7-8.

Hillesheim-Kimmel U. (2013) Cyperus eragrostis LAM., das Frischgrüne Zypergras, vorübergehend in Südhessen. Hess. Flor. Briefe 61(1): 1-3.

Hillesheim-Kimmel U. (2014) Zu Cyperus eragrostis LAM. in Südhessen. Hess. Flor. Briefe 42(2): 30-31.

Mang F.W.C. (1984) Pflanzen, von denen in der mitteleuropaischen Literatur selten oder gar keine Abbildungen zu finden sind. Folge 18: Cyperus eragrostis Lam. Gött. Flor Rundbr. 18(3-4): 101-104.

Petrik P. (2003) Cyperus eragrostis: a new alien species for the Czech flora and the history of its invasion of Europe. Preslia 75(1): 17-28.

Stoyanov S. & Barzov Zh. (2018) Cyperus eragrostis – an addition to the Bulgarian alien flora. Phytologia Balcanica 24(2): 239-242. [available online at:

Uhl A. (2007) Das Frischgrüne Zypergras (Cyperus eragrostis) in Baden-Württemberg. Ber. Bot. Arbeitsgem. Südwestdeutschland 4: 83-85. [available online at:

Verloove F. (2003) Graanadventieven nieuw voor de Belgische flora, hoofdzakelijk in 1999 en 2000. Dumortiera 80: 45-53.

Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith