Juglans regia

Juglans regia L. (syn.: J. sinensis (DC.) Dode) (SE-Eur., temp. Asia) – Commonly planted as an ornamental tree in private and public gardens, as a wayside tree, in orchards,… probably since the middle ages. In the past decades increasingly reported as self-sowing. Unfortunately, the escape of Juglans regia in Belgium is poorly documented.The first subspontaneous records possibly date back to the early 1970’s. By now, Juglans regia has become a very widespread neophyte (although perhaps still absent from the cooler parts of Wallonia) but most records still represent saplings or young, non-flowering trees. However, Juglans regia surely is becoming naturalised locally. Juglans regia is usually found by road verges or canal- and riverbanks, (urban) waste land, disused industrial- and railway yards, gravel-, clay- and sandpits and increasingly also as a pioneer in chalk and limestone grassland. Saplings of Juglans regia often occur in places where no parental trees are present. They are probably dispersed by small mamals.

The recent and massive occurence of Juglans regia in Belgium is possibly induced by global warming. In the British Isles Juglans regia only germinates in the warmer parts of the country (Stace 1997).

 Juglans regia, Kerkhove, border of river Schelde, October 2010, F. Verloove

herbarium specimen


Selected literature

Bottema S. (1980) On the history of the walnut (Juglans regia) in southeastern Europe. Acta Bot. Neerl. 29: 343-349.

Hetzel I. (2010) Zur spontanen Ausbreitung von Walnuss (Juglans regia) und Esskastanie (Castanea sativa) in Wäldern und Forsten im mittleren Ruhrgebiet. Floristische Rundbriefe 43: 24-43.

Loacker K. (2007) Spread of walnut (Juglans regia L.) in an Alpine valley is correlated with climate warming. Flora 202: 70-78.

Schmid M. (2005) Untersuchung zur neophytischen Gehölzflora im Stuttgarter Stadtgebiet. Jh. Ges. Naturkde. Württemberg 161: 178-257.

Stace C. (1997) New flora of the British Isles, 2nd ed.: XXVII + 1130 p. Cambridge University Press.

Verloove F. (2002) Ingeburgerde plantensoorten in Vlaanderen. Mededeling van het Instituut voor Natuurbehoud n° 20: 227 p.

Verloove F. (2006) Juglans regia. In: Van Landuyt W., Hoste I., Vanhecke L., Van den Bremt P., Vercruysse W. & De Beer D., Atlas van de flora van Vlaanderen en het Brussels gewest. Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek, Nationale Plantentuin van België en Flo.Wer: 496-497.

Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith