The Lardizabalaceae family comprises seven genera and about 40 species in Asia (from the Himalayas further East) and South America (Chile) (Christenhusz 2012). Species of some genera are cultivated as ornamental shrubs or lianas, two of which have been recorded as escapes from cultivation in Belgium: Akebia and Decaisnea.

1       Liana, usually evergreen. Leaves palmately compound with 3-5 leaflets. Sepals 3(-4), usually dark-brownish purple. Fruit sausage-shaped, grey-violet or purplish, in axillary infructescences === Akebia

         Shrub or small tree, deciduous. Leaves pinnate with 13-25 leaflets. Sepals 6 (in two rows), greenish yellow. Fruit cylindrical, blue or yellow-green, in terminal infructescences === Decaisnea


Chen D. & Shimizu T. (2001) Lardizabalaceae. In: Wu Z.Y. & Raven P.H. (eds.), Flora of China, vol. 6. Science Press, Beijing & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis:   440-454. [available online at:]

Christenhusz M.J.M. (2012) An overview of Lardizabalaceae. Curtis's Botanical Magazine 29(3): 235-276.

De Koning J., Van den Broek J.W., Van de Laar H.J. & Fortgens G. (2000) Nederlandse dendrologie (13e druk). H. Veenman & zonen, Ede: 585 p.

Ernst W.R. (1964) The genera of Berberidaceae, Lardizabalaceae, and Menispermaceae in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 45: 1-35. [available online at:]

Kofuji R., Ueda K., Yamaguchi K. & Shimizu T. (1994) Molecular phylogeny in the Lardizabalaceae. Journal of Plant Research 107(3): 339-348.

Mabberley D.J. (2008) Mabberley’s plant-book (3th ed.). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge: XVIII + 1021 p.

Matthews V.A. (1989) Lardizabalaceae. In: Walters S.M. & al. (eds.), The European Garden Flora, vol. 3: 396-398.

Prantl K. (1888) Lardizabalaceae. In: Engler H.G.A. & Prantl K. (eds.), Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien. Leipzig. Fasc. 19[III,2]: 67-70.

Qin H. (1997) A Taxonomic Revision of the Lardizabalaceae. Cathaya 8-9: 214 p.

Roloff A. & Bärtels A. (2006) Flora der Gehölze (2e Auflage). Ulmer, Stuttgart: 844 p.

Spongberg S.A. & Burch I.H. (1979) Lardizabalaceae hardy in temperate North America. J. Arnold Arbor. 60: 302-315. [available online at:]

Wang F., Li D.-Z. & Yang J.-B. (2002) Molecular phylogeny in the Lardizabalaceae based on TrnL-F sequences and combined chloroplast data. Acta Botanica Sinica 44(8): 971-977. [available online at:]

Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith