Paspalum notatum

Paspalum notatum Flüggé (incl. var. saurae Parodi, P. saurae (Parodi) Parodi) (S Am., Carribean) – A very rare and probably ephemeral alien. Discovered in a roadside / disturbed lawn in the Antwerp port area in 2014, close to a long lasting stand of Eragrostis curvula.

The origin of this plant in Antwerp is unknown. Paspalum notatum (Bahiagrass) is a very important forage and turf crop but, given its origin, can only be used in warm-temperate and subtropical areas. In the Antwerp port it was most likely introduced unintentionally with foreign goods or traffic.

In parts of southern Europe it is increasingly introduced and readily escapes. At present it is known from Spain (incl. Canary Islands), Greece, France (Corsica) and doubtlessly occurs elsewhere in the Mediterranean area (e.g. Carretero 1987, Scholz 2002, Verloove 2003, Böhling & Scholz 2004, Verloove 2005, Verloove & Reyes-Betancort 2011, Tison 2012, Siverio Núñez & al. 2013, Vázquez Pardo 2014).

Selected literature:

Böhling N. & Scholz H. (2004) Paspalum notatum Flüggé in: Greuter, W. & Raus Th. (ed.), Med-Checklist Notulae, 22. Willdenowia 34: 79. [available online at:]

Carretero J.L. (1987) Paspalum saurae (Parodi) Parodi, una gramínea nueva para Europa. An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 44(1): 175-176. [available online at:]

Daurelio L.D., Espinoza F., Quarin C.L. & Pessino S.C. (2004) Genetic diversity in sexual diploid and apomictic tetraploid populations of Paspalum notatum situated in sympatry or allopatry. Pl. Syst. Evol. 244(3-4): 189-199.

Inobe T. (1971) A newly naturalized plant Paspalum notatum. J. Jap. Bot. 46(11): 348.

Murata G. (1973) Short note on Paspalum notatum and P. minus (in Japanese). Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 25(4-6): 185.

Scholz H. (2002) Paspalum notatum Flüggé in: Greuter W. & Raus Th. (ed.), Med-Checklist Notulae, 21. Willdenowia 32: 206. [available online at:]

Siverio Núñez A., Sobrino Vesperinas E, Rodríguez De la Torre H.A., Reyes-Betancort J.A. & Santos Guerra A. (2013) Nuevos xenófitos de elevada capacidad invasora para la flora canaria. Botánica Macaronésica 28: 165-173. [available online at:]

Tison J.-M. (2012) Paspalum notatum in: Jeanmonod D. & Schlüssel A. (eds.), Notes et contributions à la flore de Corse, XXIV. Candollea 67(2): 302. [available online at:]

Vázquez Pardo F.M. (2014) Anotaciones corológicas a la flora en Extremadura 083.- Paspalum notatum Flüggé. Folia Botanica Extremadurensis 8: 84-85. [available online at:]

Verloove F. (2003) Physalis ixocarpa Brot. ex Hornem. and Verbena litoralis Kunth, new Spanish xenophytes and records of other interesting alien vascular plants in Catalonia (Spain). Lazaroa 24: 7-11. [available online at:]

Verloove F. (2005) New records of interesting xenophytes in Spain. Lazaroa 26: 141-148. [available online at:]

Verloove F. & Reyes-Betancort J.A. (2011) Additions to the flora of Tenerife (Canary Islands, Spain. Collect. Bot. 30: 63-78. [available online at:]

Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith