Phelipanche Pomel

Phelipanche is a segregate of Orobanche and corresponds with the latter’s section Trionychon Wallr. Molecular studies have shown that species from this section represent a distinct lineage (Park & al. 2007a, 2007b, Carlón & al. 2008, Gevezova & al. 2012) and these findings corroborate with morphological data as well. Important synapomorphies seem to be the presence of bracteoles and tricolpate pollen (Piwowarczyk & al. 2015). Generic status for this group of species appears to be justified and these new insights have been followed in contemporary floras, e.g. Zázvorka (2000) and Tison & de Foucault (2014). Phelipanche counts ca. 20 species in the Old World, ranging from the Mediterranean area to Asia. In Belgium a single species is native, while an additional one has been recorded as an alien (Lambinon & Verloove 2012).

1 Corolla small, 7-15 mm long, bluish with white throat. Stem nearly always branched. Parasite on Cannabis sativa, Brassica or Solanaceae species === Phelipanche ramosa
Corolla larger, 18-25(-30) mm long, bluish. Stem single. Parasite on Achillea millefolium, rarely on other composites (native) == P. purpurea


Carlón L., Gómez Casares G., Laínz M., Moreno Moral G., Sánchez Pedraja Ó., Schneeweiss G.M. (2008) Más, a propósito de algunas  Phelipanche Pomel,  Boulardia  F.W.  Schultz  y Orobanche L. (Orobanchaceae)  del  oeste  del  Paleártico.  Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón), 6: 1-128. [available online at:]
Foley M.J.Y. (2007) New combinations in Phelipanche (Orobanchaceae). Edinburgh J. Bot. 64(2): 209-211.
Gevezova M., Dekalska T., Stoyanov K., Hristeva T., Kostov K., Batchvarova R. & Denev I. (2012) Recent advances in Broomrapes research. J. BioSci. Biotech. 1(2): 91-105. [available online at:
Kreutz C.A.J. (1995) Orobanche : Die Sommerwurzarten Europas : ein Bestimmungsbuch = The European broomrape species : A field guide. Vol. 1: Mittel- und Nordeuropa. Stichting Natuurpublicaties Limburg, Den Haag- Maastricht: 159 pp.
Lambinon J. & Verloove F. (avec coll. Delvosalle L., Toussaint B., Geerinck D., Hoste I., Van Rossum F., Cornier B., Schumacker R., Vanderpoorten A. & Vannerom H.) (2012) Nouvelle Flore de la Belgique, du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, du Nord de la France et des Régions voisines (Ptéridophytes et Spermatophytes). Sixième édition. Jardin botanique national de Belgique, Meise: CXXXIX + 1195 p.
Park J., Manen J. & Schneeweiss G. (2007a) Horizontal gene transfer of a plastid gene in the on-photosynthetic flowering plants Orobanche and Phelipanche (Orobanchaceae). Mol. Phylogen. Evol. 43(3): 974-985.
Park J., Schneeweiss G. & Weiss-Schneeweiss H. (2007b) Diversity and evolution of Ty1-copia and Ty3-gypsy retroelements in the non-photosynthetic flowering plants Orobanche and Phelipanche (Orobanchaceae). Gene 387(1-2): 75-86.
Piwowarczyk R., Madeja J. & Nobis M. (2015) Pollen morphology of the Central European broomrapes (Orobanchaceae: Orobanche, Phelipanche and Orobanchella) and its taxonomical implications. Plant Systematics and Evolution 301(2): 795-808. [available online at:]
Stoyanov K. (2005) Floristic materials and critical notes on the genus Orobanche subgen. Phelipanche in Bulgaria. Flora Medit. 15: 461-476. [available online at:]
Tison J.-M. & de Foucault B. (coord.) (2014) Flora Gallica. Flore de France. Editions Biotope, Mèze : xx + 1196 p.
Van der Land J. (1966) Orobanchaceae. In: Flora Neerlandica, vol. 4(2): 187-205. [available online at:]
Zázvorka J. (2000) Phelipanche. In: Slavík B. (ed.), Květena České republiky, vol. 6, Academia, Praha, 480-489.

Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith